Growing plants to eat is one of the simplest ways to produce food. We can apply our knowledge and understanding of biology to make even this simple process more efficient and productive.
This could involve improving the quality of the soil and the productivity of plants, or reducing losses due to pests and diseases or in storage. Sustainability is also important in food production – the methods we use must be useful for many generations to come rather than just a few seasons. Sustainability includes reducing the carbon footprint of our farming methods.